Statement by Ambassador Valentine Rugwabiza on adoption of the decision on the International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.

Mr. President,

On behalf of my country, I have the honour to introduce the present draft decision entitled ‘International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda’. I would like to first express our sincere appreciation to all delegations that supported the development of this important resolution as well as the delegations that have cosponsored the text; Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Israel, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, and Viet Nam.

What this decision seeks to achieve is to correct inaccuracies that existed in resolution A/RES/58/234 adopted by this same Assembly 14 years ago on 23rd December 2003 which established the ‘International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda’, particularly its title and its operative paragraph one. To be clear, today’s decision doesn’t modify other parts of resolution A/RES/58/234.

Mr. President,

The text captures the historical facts of what happened in 1994, which is a ‘Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda’ and leaves no room for ambiguity. Mr. President, historical accuracy and words are vital while referring to the Genocide. The tactics of Genocide denial and revisionism are well known and documented. Some people, mostly those who were involved by action or omission, promote the theory of double Genocide in the futile belief that such suggestion might divert their own responsibility.

In Rwanda, the reflection and commemoration of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, is a significant part of our reconciliation and unity.
The more than 1 million men, women and children we lost, did not lose their lives to natural disasters, neither were they war combatants. These were ordinary people who were killed in the most horrendous conditions because they belonged to a group which was dehumanized & targeted for total extermination. Any members of other communities who were against this evil extermination plan, were summarily executed. Every year in Rwanda, at every commemoration, we honour the courage and the humanity of all Rwandans who paid the highest price because they opposed the Genocide against the Tutsi.

Today, as members of the General Assembly, we have an important opportunity to align resolution 58/234 language with the International Court of Tribunal Rwanda (ICTR) Appeals Chamber decision ICTR-98-44-AR73 (C) of 16th June 2006, which concluded that “it was a ‘fact of common knowledge’ that ‘between 6 April and 17 July 1994’, there was a Genocide in Rwanda against the Tutsi ethnic group”.

The day of reflection offers us as members of the international community an opportunity to consider the factors that lead to such mass atrocity and renew our collective pledge of “never again”. It serves as an educative opportunity for future generations to equip them in fighting all forms of hate and Genocide ideology. More importantly, in these worrying times where we witness increase in expressions of divisionism, extremism and hatred in many parts of the world, it sends a clear message that the United Nations is a platform for the promotion and protection of human dignity of all people and will not serve as a platform for any form of Genocide denial or revisionism.

The day of reflection is to among others continuously awaken greater awareness of the international community on the value of life and humanity, the ill effects of genocide and to renew our collective commitment to protect and uphold fundamental human rights. It provides us with an opportunity to reflect on lessons learnt from the failure of the international community to prevent and stop the execution of the Genocide against the Tutsi. It is highly regrettable that despite numerous resolutions condemning Genocide denial adopted by this esteemed Assembly, we continue to see Genocide denial and revisionism widespread around the world.

Mr. President,
Let me conclude by calling on members’ support for this decision. I thank you all for your support.

Rwanda Statement on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. Third Committee, 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly.



Human rights are meant to ensure the inherent human dignity and equality of all human beings. From the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the international community has built a great foundation of human rights law. We must continue these efforts to ensure and enhance promotion and protection of all human rights, including by creating necessary safeguards against new and contemporary manifestations of discrimination, injustices and obstacles to the full realization of all human rights.

In the twenty-three years since the Genocide against the Tutsi, the Government and people of Rwanda have embarked upon a path of reconciliation, nation building, development and the consolidation of human rights and the rule of law. 


Rwanda’s Constitution is built on the principle of equal rights and equal treatment of all citizens and persons without any distinction. It guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms. Article 42 of our Constitution, states that “The promotion and protection of human rights is a responsibility of the State. A further forty-one articles are dedicated to the guarantees of fundamental human freedoms including all of the human rights stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Rwanda is a State Party to 8 core United Nations Human Rights Instruments and has ratified a number of optional protocols including the Optional Protocols to the Convention against Torture and to the Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Rwanda is up to date in reporting on all of these Conventions to the relevant Treaty Bodies. Rwanda also issued a standing invitation to all UN Special Procedures and has welcomed a number of Special Procedures mandate holders.

The Rwanda National Commission for Human Rights, which is Rwanda’s Independent National Human Rights Institutions and enjoys a status under the Paris principles is tasked with the overall promotion and protection of human rights and advise the Government, Parliament and any other competent body on issues related to legislation and general compliance and implementation with international human rights instruments.

In addition, key institutions for the protection of human rights have been created such as the National Commission for Children, the National Council for Persons with Disabilities and the Rwanda Governance Board which is responsible for promoting good governance and for creating an enabling environment for civil society organisations and media.

In addition: a strident and determined civil society is playing an active role in assisting the victims of human rights in getting their grievances addressed, helping the government in shaping human rights compliant policies, fostering a culture of accountability and assisting in changing societal attitudes through awareness raising. Similarly, our independent judiciary and office of ombudsman, has taken wide ranging steps to guarantee protection of constitutional rights of all citizens.


In conclusion, Rwanda is committed to the observance of human rights as enshrined in the UDHR and the universality, interdependence, indivisibility of civil, political, economic, social and cultural human rights. In that regard, Rwanda remains ready to continue its cooperation with UN human rights mechanisms and all stakeholders; further strengthen the UN’s human rights pillar including through; ensuring that it is able to prevent violations of human rights globally; implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals which seek to realize the human rights of all including through ensuring the right to development; and cooperate with all stakeholders in the promotion and protection of human rights in a transparent, impartial and non-politicized manner.

I thank you


Rwanda Statement at the Sixth Committee under Agenda Item 85: The Scope and Application of the Principle of Universal Jurisdiction

Mr. Chairman,
Thank you for this opportunity to speak on the application of the Principle of Universal Jurisdiction. Rwanda would like to align herself with the statement delivered on behalf of the Africa Group and that delivered by NAM.

Mr. Chairman
Let me begin by stating that the international criminal justice is in a crisis of credibility. As the 6th Committee sits, you all have seen the scandalous exposure of practice of corruption and political manipulation in the ICC. There are both political and legal dimensions to the principle of universal jurisdiction, and both dimensions deserve due consideration head on.
A number of speakers on the subject of the principle of universal jurisdiction demonstrated its great significance, both to the conduct of international law and to international relations in general. We would not challenge the legality of the principle, but it is void of abuse or misuse in its application, whether for political or any other ends.

Mr. Chairman
The principle had often been cited as vital to the fight against impunity; allow me to point out that- a large number of “key masterminds” of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda remains at liberty around the world, in the backyards of some countries, enjoying the impunity the principle was intended to end.
On the application of the principle: Rwanda believes in an International Justice system, based on equality of states, equality of all the people before the law; a system based on recognizable universal shared values. In that regard, Rwanda joins other delegations to reject political manipulations, double standards and excessive abuse in the application of this noble principle.

Mr. Chairman
The UN needs to face up the challenge caused by abusive application of the principle of universal jurisdiction: and below are our few thoughts;
1. There is need to strike the right balance to end the culture of impunity while at the same time establishing safe guards against the abuse of the principle of universal jurisdiction,
2. International arrest warrants should have a blessing of the Interpol to avoid partisan political manipulation. Bilateral relationship between States should not be taken as an excuse to flout Interpol’s position. In all circumstances the opinion of international police (Interpol), should be sought whether international arrest warrants should be issued on the basis of evidence available. Where Interpol itself has not issued or advised that international arrest warrants should be issued, no state should feel obliged to respect arrest warrants issued by individual judges from any UN member states.
3. There must be a system of review where by an aggrieved party can appeal to another judge or another tribunal to review the decision of a judge issuing indictments and/or international arrest warrants against the leaders of another country
4. The review process can be before a court of national, regional or international jurisdiction but certainly there must be a system of review such that no individual judge anywhere in the world should have unlimited powers to hold an independent and sovereign state at ransom for political or any other gain hiding behind universal or other perceived or assumed jurisdictional competence

While this review process is going on, individuals and States should be permitted to conduct their businesses normally until the review process is completed. Short of this, large and powerful states or political judges from those states may gag, stifle or swallow small nations or its entire leadership or both.

In conclusion let me re-state that Rwanda believes in a fair international legal order- based on shared universal values and mutual respect between States; a system where justice is not just about pretense but substance.
We will cooperate with any State or individual that will enhance a fair international legal order.

I thank you

Statement by H.E Valentine Rugwabiza at the UNSC Debate on Peace and Security in Africa: Enhancing African capacities in the areas of peace and security

Thank you Mr. President,

Rwanda congratulates you for assuming the Presidency of the Council for the month of July and for convening this debate on a subject of paramount importance to Africa.

I also thank the briefers, the UN Secretary-General H.E Antonio Guterres and the AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Ambassador Smail Chergui  for their earlier briefings.

Today’s threats to peace and security, worldwide and on our continent have become more complex and this calls for multi-faceted interventions and stronger partnerships with regional organizations.

The African Union is better positioned in terms of knowledge and proximity to mobilize and respond quickly to existing and new threats to peace and security. We believe that the UN and African Union framework for an enhanced partnership in peace and security, which was signed on 19th April, 2017 by the UN Secretary General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, H.E. Moussa Faki Mahamat, provides the necessary framework for a much needed closer and more focused cooperation between the two organizations. It now needs to be institutionalized.

Mr. President,

Allow me to make specific recommendations on the issues being considered in our debate today.
First, Rwanda believes in the value of holding regular dialogue and consultations between the African Union and the UN Security Council on all conflicts on the continent. The information shared by both institutions during this dialogue, will, in our opinion increase the understanding of the context and the root causes of the conflicts and therefore help design adequate responses.

Second, Rwanda strongly recommends increased investment in the African Union capacities to intervene and respond effectively to warning signals with rapid interventions to protect civilians and prevent conflicts.

Often in conflict situations, the only credible prevention is rapid action. Enhancing African capacities in the areas of peace and security and more specifically to address the deficit in training, equipment and capacities of security institutions, will augment their ability to respond effectively to current and emerging threats.

Third, in post conflict situations, Rwanda recommends that investment in institutions’ capacities and inclusive governance systems be given priority in development cooperation.

Fourth, predictable and sustainable funding remains however a major challenge to the African Union ability to engage more effectively and use its comparative advantage to address conflicts and sustain peace on the continent.

To address this challenge, the African Union Summit decided at its 24th Ordinary Session held in Kigali in July 2016, to finance 25% of the African Union led peace support operations. The African Union Peace Fund, which was established by the African Union and the report of Dr. Kaberuka serves that purpose. Support to the African Union Peace Fund including access to UN assessed contributions will go a long way in ensuring predictable financing and contribute to the goal of ending conflicts in Africa.

The management structure and accountability as well as transparency systems built in the management of the African Union Peace Fund will ensure value for money. However, Rwanda knows by experience that the highest value for money lies in the millions of African lives that can be saved and protected from mass atrocities by enhancing Africa’s capabilities in peace and security.

None of the ambitious 17 SDGs of Agenda 2030 can be realized without peace and security. Therefore, increased investment in Africa’s capacities in the areas of peace and security are investments in the ensuring that Agenda 2030 leaves no one behind, including and mainly those affected by conflicts today.

I thank you for your kind attention.


Minister Nsengimana Highlights Rwanda’s Commitment to Youth and ICTs at the United Nations SDG Innovation and Connectivity Event

Minister Jean Philbert Nsengimana of the Ministry of Youth and Information and Communication Technology of Rwanda participated in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Action Event on Innovation and Connectivity hosted by the Office of the 71st President of the General Assembly.

New York, NY – 23 May 2017

On Wednesday, 17 May 2017, the United Nations Office of the President of the General Assembly held a Sustainable Development Goal Action Event on Innovation and Connectivity. The one-day event encompassed five sessions that brought together innovators, thought leaders, and technology companies alongside Member States to discuss ways emerging technologies can be leveraged to achieve the implementation of the SDGs.

In a packed room, PGA President, Peter Thomson, highlighted the importance of international cooperation and the 17 SDGs to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development. His opening remarks were followed by United Nations Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed, who was optimistic stating that innovators know no borders and that the international community must join hands to achieve the SDGs by 2030.

Minister Nsengimana of Rwanda’s Ministry of Youth and Information and Communication Technology participated in Session 2. The session was titled, “A New Era of Connected Problem Solvers” which focused on the following question “How can connectivity help unleash the innovativeness of the global population to solve pressing challenges in pursuing the Sustainable Development Goals?” Moderated by Marcus Shingles, CEO XPrize Foundation, Minister Nsengimana was joined by three other panelists: Lara Stein, Founder of TEDx and Director at MIT ReACT; Kevin Lo, Senior Director for Infrastructure Connectivity, Facebook; and Chiyoko Osborne, Serial Entrepreneur and Chief Strategy Officer of Empact Collaboration Platform.

During the session, Minister Nsengimana shared that “Ensuring that people are connected is a priority.” He also talked about the major strides Rwanda is taking to achieve 95% 4G coverage within three years. He also stressed that the solution lies in leadership, creating a clear vision and a platform for young people to dream and innovate. The Minister also invited the audience to the Youth Conneckt Africa Summit happening in Kigali from 19-21 July of this year.

A video recording of this session and the entire SDG Innovation and Connectivity Action Event can be found at

About the Ministry of Youth and Information and Communication Technology of Rwanda

The Ministry of Youth and Information and Communication Technology’s mission is to address the national priorities for economic growth and poverty reduction through the development and coordination of national policies and program related to youth empowerment as well as Information & Communication Technology policies and programs. For more information, visit

For more information, email the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Rwanda to the United Nations at

Follow the Permanent Mission of Rwanda to the UN on Twitter at @RwandaUN.