Thank you Mr. President,
Rwanda would like to join others in thanking your Excellency and your delegation for organizing this important debate. Frist, allow me to offer my condolences to the Government and people of France for their losses in the terrorist attack last Friday.
I thank the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, for his briefing. His presence here today once again highlights his commitment to peace, stability and development, as a core of the work of his office.
Let me also thank Ambassador Olof Skog, Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission and Ms. Ouided Bouchamoui, Noble Peace Laureate, for their respective briefings.
The concept note provided for this open debate pertinently highlighted the nexus between peace, security and development. This is so true, in that since the end of the Cold War, the pursuit of lasting peace has become, together with sustainable development, a global imperative. Today, it is obvious that peace is conducive to development and vice versa.
Indeed development, if achieved, contributes decisively to the elimination of several root causes of conflict; and if poverty is reduced, social inequalities are lowered, and there is an optimum allocation of scarce resources; it certainly help to avoid many of the situations that exacerbate conflict.
In many situations however, these goals are pursued separately; which then render them unsustainable; or simply put it, policy makers and practitioners do not agree on which one to prioritize first.
In his acceptance speech at the Peace and Democracy award event recently held in Morocco under the theme “From shocks to co-emergence”, H. E President Paul Kagame stated that “peace is the starting point for growth and development. But peace is much more than the absence of violence. True peace is above all a mindset. It is a condition produced when citizens are taken seriously as individuals, as stakeholders, and mobilised towards a good politics and fully included in governance.”
We believe that current global trends necessitate a pro-active approach to make peace, security and development a mutually reinforcing and intertwined package both at national and international level.
At national level, we are of the view that building governance and the rule of law, combating corruption, improving transparency and accountability, and building confidence in our people lay strong foundation for sustainable development, durable peace and security. This has been true in our case, and all the economic and social progress that we have been able to achieve in the last 21 years rest on our leadership commitment to ultimately ensure that all citizens have safety and security and an inclusive and democratic governance.
The international community has an important role to play, that is, it should assist in building local capacity for peace-sensitive development, in order to enable the government to formulate and implement policies that are sensitive to conflict, minimizing the risks to development interventions. Conflict sensitivity provides ways to reduce conflict, helps communities build peace, and enables institutions to address the structural causes of conflict.
In this regard, we value the work of the Peacebuilding Commission for sustained efforts in post conflict situations since 2005, despite considerable challenges. We note with appreciation the recommendations of the Advisory Group of Experts on the review of the Peacebuilding Architecture; which proved once again that the PBA is inadequate, under-resourced and largely neglected by member states, including by the Security Council. It is our hope that the International Community will rise to the occasion, and find ways to effectively implement the review recommendations.
Lastly Mr President,
With billions of people still living in poverty around the world, rising population, natural resources depletion and adverse impacts of environmental degradation as well recent crises related to public health, migration, and the spread of all types of extremism, including terrorism, these are some of most obvious examples of the need for strong and effective global cooperation. The adoption of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, along with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals build on that premise that an integrated approach involving addressing peace, security and development is necessary. Goal 16 specifically recognizes that sustainable development cannot be realized without peace and security, and peace and security will be at risk without sustainable development.
Improving the conditions for social justice in particular is fundamental to the promotion of peace in a variety of contexts throughout the world. The Sustainable Development Goals should serve as effective tools in realizing inclusive development for all and the right course of action for all of us to strive for an Inclusive and widespread economic development; which give more people a greater present stake in avoiding violent disruption; at the same time, offering them credible hope of a better future for themselves and their children.
I thank you.