The Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians

We, as member states endorsing the Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians, and in line with our commitment to the effective implementation of Protection of Civilians mandates in peace operations, hereby pledge:

1. To train all of our troops on the protection of civilians prior to their deployment to missions.

2. To ensure that our sector and contingent-commanders, as well as our nominees for mission leadership positions, have a high level of training and preparedness on peacekeeping operations and, in particular, the protection of civilians.

3. To be prepared to use force to protect civilians, as necessary and consistent with the mandate. Such action encompasses making a show of force as a deterrent; interpositioning our forces between armed actors and civilians; and taking direct military action against armed actors with clear hostile intent to harm civilians.

4. Not to stipulate caveats or other restrictions that prevent us from fulfilling our responsibility to protect civilians in accordance with the mandate.

5. To identify and communicate to the UN any resource and capability gaps that inhibit our ability to protect civilians.

6. To strive, within our capabilities, to contribute the enabling capabilities (e.g. helicopters) to peacekeeping operations that facilitate improved civilian protection.

7. To avoid undue delay in protecting civilians, by investing our contingent commander with the authority to use force to protect civilians in urgent situations without the need for further consultations with capital.

8. Not to hesitate to take action to protect civilians, in accordance with the rules of engagement, in the absence of an effective host government response or demonstrated willingness to carry out its responsibilities to protect civilians.

9. To demand clarity from the UN and mission leadership on our rules of engagement, including under which circumstances the use of force is appropriate.

10. To seek to identify, as early as possible, potential threats to civilians and proactively take steps to mitigate such threats and otherwise reduce the vulnerability of the civilian population.

11. To seek to enhance the arrangements for rapid deployment, including by supporting a full review of the UN’s standby arrangements, exploring a system in which earmarked units from troop and police contributing countries could be placed in readiness in order to ensure rapid troop deployment, and encouraging the utilization of partnerships with regional organisations such as the African Union and its RECs.

12. To be vigilant in monitoring and reporting any human rights abuses or signs of impending violence in the areas in which our personnel serve.

13. To take disciplinary action against our own personnel if and when they fail to act to protect civilians when circumstances warrant such action.

14. To undertake our own review, in parallel to any after-action review, in the event that our personnel are unable to protect civilians, and identify and share key lessons for avoiding such failures in the future.

15. To hold our own personnel to the highest standard of conduct, and to vigorously investigate and, where appropriate, prosecute any incidents of abuse.

16. To better implement protection of civilians mandates and deliver on our responsibilities, we request better, regular and more extensive consultations on the mandating of peacekeeping missions. When mandates of peacekeeping missions are under review and may change, it should also be mandatory for the Security Council to consult all troop and police contributing countries deployed to the mission. We commit to bring our own ideas and solutions to these consultations that can strengthen the implementation of protection of civilians mandates.

17. To urge the Security Council to ensure that mandates are matched with the requisite resources, and to commit to support a process that addresses the current critical resource gaps in several missions. We support a more phased mandating process that can ensure a better alignment of resources and mandates.

18. Noting that any well-planned mandate implementation may be undermined by inefficient mobility, logistics or support; To call for effective support of all military plans, including contingency plans; and to commit to work with the Secretariat to review the current support arrangements, including possible transfer of authority over more of the logistical capability to the military component, where appropriate.

The UN to commemorate the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda on April 11, 2016 at the UN Headquarters

                  86ad967208Honoring the dead

The Permanent Mission of Rwanda to the UN and the UN Department of Public Information commemorate the Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda on Monday, 11 April, 2016 from 3:30-4:30pm at the UN General Assembly Hall, in New York. 

Kwibuka which means to “remember” in Kinyarwanda is a call on all of us to remember the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda; honour those who died as well as comfort and support survivors. The theme for this year’s commemoration is Fighting Genocide Ideology

Event Programme

Minute of Silence

Remarks by H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General;

Remarks by H.E Mr. Mogens Lykketoft, President of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly

Testimony by Ms. Frida Umuhoza, survivor and author of “Frida: Chosen to Die, Destined to Live”

Testimony by Ms. Nelly Mukazayire, Deputy Director of Cabinet in the Office of the President of Rwanda

Remarks by Mr. Malcolm Hoenlein, Executive Vice Chairman, Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations

Closing remarks by H.E. Mr. Eugène-Richard Gasana, Minister of State in Charge of Cooperation and Permanent Representative of Rwanda to the United Nations

Music by Pauletta Washington, (wife of Denzel Washington) and the Mamazband

Please make sure to register here and arrive at the UN Visitors Entrance (1st Ave at 46th Street) between 2:30 to 3:00 p.m. on 11 April
to receive your ticket and go through UN Security screening. Thank you. 





The UN Security Council kicks off its Programme for July, with a special breakfast featuring Grace Hightower Coffee & Coffees of Rwanda

Wednesday, July 2, 2014


image (2)


The UN Security Council began its programme for the month of July, under the Presidency of Rwanda. Per tradition, the Security Council President, Minister in Charge of Cooperation and Ambassador of Rwanda to the UN, Eugene Richard Gasana invited all Security Council members to a breakfast, where the Rwandan coffee was featured. Particularly, the coffee of choice was the Grace Hightower and Coffee of Rwanda a premium coffee company launched in 2013 by Grace Hightower De Niro, with a mission of improving the lives of Rwanda.

Providing a tasting of the great coffee of Rwanda to the UN Security Council members, she took the time to explain her motive behind launching the company, stating that she was inspired by the people of Rwanda, and especially their resilience, considering the tragedy that engulfed the country, just 20 years ago, where the Genocide perpetrated against the Tutsi, took the lives of more than 1.000.000 people.

Her believe is that through direct sourcing, fair trade, and ethical practices and environmental stewardship. She stated that her motivation and inspiration comes from the Rwandan people’s courageous spirit to succeed and this was a celebration of the coffee farmers of Rwanda, quoting President of Rwanda, H.E Paul Kagame that Rwanda needs “trade not aid”. That is the model that she has been using with her coffee. Through direction trade sourcing, which is guided by transparency, fair trade practices, sustainability and environmental stewardship.



The Permanent Mission of Rwanda to the UN organizes a panel discussion on Increasing Women’s Participation in Peacekeeping

Friday, June 27, 2014

Working Group

The Permanent Mission of Rwanda organized a meeting chaired by Minister of State and Permanent Representative Eugène-Richard Gasana on the topic of “Increasing Women’s Participation in Peacekeeping.” The briefers included: the Deputy Permanent Representative of Australia, Ambassador Philippa King; the UN Deputy Military Adviser, Major General Adrian Foster; and Senor Senior Superintendent of Police Ms. Lynder Nkuranga. In attendance were Security Council experts on peacekeeping, military and police advisers, and concerned troop and police contributing countries (T/PCCs) and Member States.

In her remarks, Rwanda’s own Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) Lynder Nkuranga shared her insights on Rwanda’s commendable efforts to ensure women are represented in the Rwanda National Police (RNP) and how those efforts have enabled Rwanda to deploy so many women to international peacekeeping operations where they have shared best practices. She explained that when the RNP was formed in 2000 only three percent of the Force consisted of women; but due to the rampant sexual violence that took place during the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994, the Government of Rwanda recognised that post-conflict reconstruction and nation building could not be gender neutral. It was essential for women to be involved at all levels and across all sectors, including the country’s military and police institutions. As a result, SSP Nkuranga informed Member States that today women account for twenty percent of the Rwandan police force, and since 2005 Rwanda has managed to send over 400 female police officers as Individual Police Officers and 100 female members of Formed Police Units to UN peacekeeping missions.

Explaining how Rwanda was able to do this, the SSP acknowledged that it has been a work in progress, including the conscious shifting of cultural norms. What was critical was putting in place a gender policy legal framework, which was also enshrined in the Rwandan Constitution of June 4th, 2003 and which calls for at least thirty percent of posts in decision-making organs be granted to women to ensure equality between men and women. In addition, the SSP gave credit to Rwanda’s Vision 2020, which also highlights gender equality throughout its goals. Then, in 2009, Rwanda adopted an NAP to implement resolution 1325 on women, peace and security. SSP Nkuranga noted that this had been very effective in raising awareness of women’s rights, educating girls, and contributing to changing attitudes and stereotypes on gender issues.

Speaking at greater length on the RNP’s actions, the SSP underscored the creation of a Women Police Network, which brings together women in the RNP to share their experiences and discuss challenges they face in their career, as well as to contribute to confidence building. SSP Nkuranga pointed out that the RNP Gender desk has been recognized as a Centre of Excellence for the East African Community region in response to SGBV and child abuse. In 2012, Rwanda won the UN Public Service Award in recognition of Isange services.

Finally, SSP Nkuranga acknowledged that despite the many achievements, there are still challenges that remain. Given that the RNP is only fourteen years old, it still needs to grow the number of females in higher decision making posts. Noting the overall challenges for the broader UN community, the SSP explained that Rwanda was able to shift cultural norms and practices because it understood that women had to play a critical role in nation building and decision making processes. Therefore, there must be political will by Member States to increase the number of women in national organs, including government, police and military or else the SSP warned that they would not be able to provide female peacekeepers for international deployment