Rwanda became a member of the United Nations on September 18, 1962 and became a member of the UN Security Council, the first time between 1994 and 1995. From April to July 1994, Rwanda was represented on the UN Security Council by the very same government that had planned and was carrying out the Genocide against the Tutsis.
In 2013, Rwanda returned to the UN Security Council. During its tenure in the UN Security Council, Rwanda committed to the following:
- To Contribute meaningfully to the Prevention of conflict and the consolidation of peace and stability in Africa and globally.
- To Enhance partnership between the African Union, other regional and sub-regional organizations and the UN National in the maintenance of international peace and security.
- To Improve the working methods of the Security Council to ensure a more inclusive transparent and effective Council.
- To Work towards a more responsible Security Council including through the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect doctrine.
- .To End sexual violence and impunity
- To Advance the role of women in conflict resolution and peacebuilding.
- To Ensure sustainable transition from peacekeeping to national building in countries emerging from conflict.
Rwanda held chairmanship in two UN Security Council subsidiary bodies, mainly the 1970 Libya Sanctions Committee and the Ad-Working group on conflict prevention in Africa, for the period of 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2013.
During the last year of its membership in the UN Security Council, Rwanda held the chairmanship of the Peacekeeping Working Group and the Chairmanship of the 1970 Libya Sanctions Committee.